Lesson 16: Using 最 (zuì) for Expressing the Most in Chinese
In the previous lesson, we have learned how to use 比 (bǐ) for Comparison in Chinese. Today, we will learn how to describe a thing or person that has the superlative degree.
Unlike English, we do not change the form of the adjective by adding -est, we use the intensifier 最 (zuì) before the adjective in order to express the most. We can only use 最 (zuì) if we compare three or more objects. For comparing two objects, use 比 (bǐ).
Structure: 最 + adjective
Lín lǎoshī shì wǒmen xuéxiào zuì hǎo de lǎoshī.
Mr. Lin is the best teacher in our school.
Jīntiān shì zhège yuè zuì rè de yītiān.
Today is the hottest day of the month.
最 + Stative Verbs
Besides the adjectives, we can also place the stative verbs after the 最 (zuì). Stative verbs are the verbs that related to people’s psychological status, such as：
喜欢 (xǐ huān) – to like
爱 (ài) – to love
想 (xiǎng) – to think, to want to, to miss (someone)
Structure: 最 + Stative Verb
Wǒ zuì xǐhuān chī là.
I like spicy food the most.
Tā zuì’ài tā de nǚ’ér.
She loves her daughter most.
Now, let’s practice to translate these sentences into Chinese!
She is the tallest.
Hints: she = 她（tā）, tall = 高 (gāo).
He is the smartest.
Hints: he = 他（tā）, smart = 聪明 (cōng míng).
I want to go to London the most.
Hints: I = 我 (wǒ), go = 去 (qù), London = 伦敦 (lún dūn).
Tā zuì cōngmíng.
Wǒ zuì xiǎng qù lúndūn.